All-dielectric metasurfaces consisting of arrays of nanostructured high-refractive-index materials, typically Si, are re-writing what is achievable in terms of the manipulation of light. Such devices support very strong magnetic, as well as electric, resonances, and are free of ohmic losses that severely limit the performance of their plasmonic counterparts. However, the functionality of dielectric-based metasurfaces is fixed-by-design, i.e. the optical response is fixed by the size, arrangement and index of the nanoresonators. A far wider range of applications could be addressed if active/reconfigurable control were possible. We demonstrate this here, via a new hybrid metasurface concept in which active control is achieved by embedding deeply sub-wavelength inclusions of a tuneable chalcogenide phase-change material within the body of high-index Si nanocylinders. Moreover, by strategic placement of the phase-change layer, and switching of its phase-state, we show selective and active control of metasuface resonances. This yields novel functionality, which we showcase via a dual- to mono-band meta-switch operating simultaneously in the O and C telecommunication bands.
15 Jan 2019
arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.04955