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The manipulation and quantification of the effects produced by an rf field in a mesoscopic structure are fundamental issues in view of developing single-spin-based qubits. Here, we review the experiments on electron transport in quantum dots under microwave irradiation. The electromagnetic vector potential provides excitation of electrons in the leads and in the quantum dot, and an electromotive potential at the leads. The combinations of the two effects go under the name of photon-assisted tunneling. In the present review, the theory of photon-assisted tunneling, based on the Tien–Gordon model applied to the Coulomb-blockade regime of a quantum dot is outlined. An expression for the dc current flowing through the dot in response to a microwave signal is calculated. Then, a classification of different experiments, organized following the different processes adopted to create the dot is presented …
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2009

Enrico Prati, Rossella Latempa, Marco Fanciulli

Biblio References: 
Pages: 241-258
Electron Spin Resonance and Related Phenomena in Low-Dimensional Structures