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The fabrication of future nanoscale semiconductor devices calls for precise placement of dopant atoms into their crystal lattice. Monolayer doping combined with a conventional spike annealing method provides a bottom-up approach potentially viable for large scale production. While the diffusion of the dopant was demonstrated at the start of the method, more sophisticated techniques are required in order to understand the diffusion, at the near surface, of P and contaminants such as C and O carried by the precursor, not readily accessible to direct time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry measurements. By employing atom probe tomography, we report on the behavior of dopant and contaminants introduced by the molecular monolayer doping method into the first nanometers. The unwanted diffusion of C and O-related molecules is revealed and it is shown that for C and O it is limited to the first monolayers …
Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2014

Yasuo Shimizu, Hisashi Takamizawa, Koji Inoue, Fumiko Yano, Yasuyoshi Nagai, Luca Lamagna, Giovanni Mazzeo, Michele Perego, Enrico Prati

Biblio References: 
Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 706-710